An emergency shower is present

Safety showers must be readily available in close proximity to workstations where employees perform tasks with hazardous chemicals or biological samples and where there is the risk of fire. Safety showers provide an immediate water drench of an affected person. MIOSHA has adopted the following ANSI standards for location, design and maintenance of safety showers:

  1. Showers shall be located within 25 feet of areas where chemicals with a pH of ≤ 2.0 or ≥ 12.5 are used.
  2. Showers shall be located within 100 feet of areas where chemicals with a pH of > 2 and < 4 or ≥ 9 and < 12.5 are used.
  1. The location of the shower should be clearly marked, well lighted and free from obstacles, closed doorways or

Safety showers should be checked and flushed periodically.


  • Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories. HHS Publication No. (CDC) 21- 1112, 5th Edition.
  • MSU Biosafety Manual
  • MSU Chemical Hygiene Plan
  • ANSI Z358.1-2014 sections 5.5.2, 6.5.2,, Appendix B(B7), sections 5.1.3, 6.1.3. and sections 4.5.2, 5.4.2, 6.4.2, Appendix B (B5).

Corrective actions:

Be familiar with the location of this emergency equipment and instruct lab personnel on how to use them. These devices are used for emergency flushing in the event of an exposure; therefore they must be clean and unobstructed at all times.

MSU Infrastructure Planning and Facilities is responsible for testing and maintenance of safety showers.

Procedures in Case of a Body Splash:

  1. Call 911
  2. Remove person(s) from spill area to fresh air only if attempts to rescue victim(s) do not present a danger to the rescuers.
  3. Remove contaminated clothing while under an emergency shower.
  4. Flood affected area with tepid water for at least 15 minutes or until medical assistance arrives.
  5. Inform emergency response personnel of the chemical(s) involved.