Clean Water Act

The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the primary Federal statute regulating the protection of the nation's waters. CWA was enacted in 1972 in response to nationwide water pollution issues and was amended in 1977 and 1987. Section 311 of CWA was amended by the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990, which has its own separate regulation and enforcement scheme. CWA established national programs for the prevention, reduction, and elimination of pollution in navigable water and groundwater. It also sets up a water quality standards program and required permits for discharge and treatment of wastewater and storm water. MSU has a certified spill prevention control and countermeasure plan (SPCC) for petroleum products stored on campus. MSU has a MS4 permit issued by the MDEQ. Elements include an Illicit Discharge Elimination Plan (IDEP)/Public Education Plan (PEP) program.

EPA Reference: Clean Water Act